Goals - Access Music Therapy

Goals

Goals and objectives give direction, purpose and focus to music therapy, as they state what the client is to accomplish if interventions are successful. A music therapy goal is a broad statement of the desired long-term outcome of treatment, while behavioral objectives describe smaller, more specific steps in attaining the goal.

Following are examples of goals that may be established with music therapy clients:

 

 

 

Cognitive Goals

  • Improve cognitive skills
  • Learning, perception, recognition, discrimination, categorization, memory, behavior, impulse control
  • Improve communication
  • Receptive and expressive language skills
  • Increase attention span/attention to task
  • Increase alertness
  • Improve environmental awareness
  • Increase reality orientation
  • Provide sensory stimulation/integration experiences
  • Reinforce pre-academic and academic skills
  • Counting, color identification, word recognition, math, etc.)

Motor Development Goals

  • Improve motor functioning and skills
  • Movement, range of motion, coordination, muscle control, strength and flexibility, agility, eye-hand coordination, ear-hand coordination, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, perceptual motor functioning, balance, locomotion, laterality and directionality, etc.
  • Improve general stamina and endurance
  • Muscle strength, muscle tone, breath capacity, etc.

Sensory Goals

  • Improve sensory functioning
  • Auditory, visual, tactile, kinesthetic
  • Decrease sensory sensitivity
  • Decrease pain
  • Distraction from pain and discomfort, management of pain, stimulation of neurochemicals as natural pain killers
  • Improve autonomic nervous system response
  • Increase relaxation and stress reduction
  • Improve body awareness
  • Body part identification, placement of body in space, body image, etc.
  • Improve perceptual motor skills

Psychological/Emotional Goals

  • Increase emotional awareness
  • Increase and improve appropriate emotional expression
  • Elevate mood
  • Reduce distress, trauma, apprehension and fear of illness or injury
  • Enhance awareness of self and environment
  • Increase volition and motivation
  • Decrease inappropriate behaviors
  • Improve self-esteem and self-image
  • Increase impulse control
  • Increase distress tolerance
  • Improve decision making skills
  • Improve problem solving skills
  • Improve conflict resolution skills
  • Improve coping skills
  • Support a sense of hope
  • Develop personal insight
  • Promote validation, acceptance, healing and forgiveness
  • Reinforce empowerment for personal change
  • Improve self-direction and independence
  • Promote a sense of security and stability
  • Provide a sense of accomplishment
  • Foster creativity and imagination
  • Promote experiences of transcendence
  • Promote spiritual exploration

Social Goals

  • Establish relationships
  • Increase involvement and participation
  • Increase peer interaction
  • Increase eye contact
  • Increase response to verbal and nonverbal cues
  • Foster a sense of belonging
  • Improve and increase appropriate verbal response
  • Maintain and strengthen interpersonal relationships
  • Combat isolation and withdrawal
  • Improve group behaviors (sharing, turn-taking, working in a group)
  • Promote group cohesion

Communication/Speech Goals

  • Change the rate of speech
  • Building strength and endurance
  • Facilitate speech production
  • To trigger non-propositional speech
  • Patterned and meter – increase fluency
  • Train voice control
  • Non-verbal expression of emotions

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